Sophomore Global IV Homework


 #1.Course Guidelines and Requirements


  #2  MAP: Russian Geography:

Print out this MAP...Label the features with number1-12....

Identify the following on your map:

Aral Sea. Baltic Sea, Lake Baikal, Sea of Japan, Trans-Siberian Railroad

Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kiev, Tashkent, Novisburuk

Color and Label all of the countries that share a border with Russia



 #3  Life in Russia 19th and early 20th century."POP" 640-645 The Life of a Little Jewish Girl in the Pale; 1890 

1. Identify: The Pale; Autocrat; Nihilism; Romanov; Decembrist, Mensheviks; Lenin; Bolsheviks; Rasputin; Bloody Sunday

2. Describe life in Russia at the end of the 19th century. What are the problems revealed in the readings? What are the strengths of Russia?

3. Describe the factors/mistakes that led to the downfall of the czarist government in 1917

4. Describe the role of each of the following after Nicholas abdicated the throne: The Duma; Petrograd Soviet; Kerensky. Why were they unsuccessful?

#4 How should Russia be governed? "POP" 646-650  The Russian Revolution


 Identify: Leon Trotsky; Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; command economy; collective farm; dictatorship of the proletariat.

1. What New ways of thinking about governance and economy were brought onto the world stage? List three ways they were different than the Old World ways.

Row # 1,3, 5      Leninites; "POP" 650-654

Outline and Explain the policies that Lenin proposed for the "new" Russia.

Row # 2,4,6     Stalinites; "POP" 654-657

Outline and Explain the policies that Stalin outlined after the death of Lenin.

 #5  How did fascist dictators rise to power? "POP" 691-698

1. Identify: Nuremburg Laws; Kristallnacht; Lebensraum; Enabling Act

2. Create a chart that compares the rise of Hitler with the rise of Mussolini. Include the following categories 1. economic conditions 2. political ideas  3. personal styles  4. use of military

3. Your book states that Hitler and Mussolini offered "easy answers". What were these "easy answers"? Is your book accurate in calling them "easy answers"? Why? Why not?

4. What steps did Japan take to "grow out" of the Great Depression?

Der Feuhrer's Face

Why We Fight: Rise of Fascism

 #6  How did democracy fare in Europe after WWI?  "POP" 680-683 The Economic Consequences of Peace: John Maynard Keynes

1. How did the balance of economic power change after WWI? Why did Keynes see the Treaty of Versailles as being detrimental to relations in Europe?

2. What economic difficulties did the Weimar Republic face? What did the Weimar leaders do to ease those troubles?

3. What was the Dawes plan? Why would a victorious country come to the aid of a vanquished aggressor?

 #7 War spurs innovation and economic prosperi............CRASH!!!! "POP" 683-690

1. Identify: Franz Kafka; James Joyce: Sigmund Freud

2. What revelations did Albert Einstein propose? Why were they so important?

3. What were the causes of the Great depression? Do you think the crash could have been avoided? How?

4. How did each of the following respond to the depression? a. United States b. Great Britain c. France


#8  How did Japanese, Italian, and German aggression destroy an uneasy peace? "POP" 698-703 The Rape of  Nanking (NYTimes 1937)

1. Identify: Collective Security; Appeasement; Rhineland; Munich Conference; Francisco Franco

2. Why did the Japanese invade Manchuria? Should Western democracies and the League of Nations have helped China? Explain your answer.

3. Explain the events leading to the annexation of Austria and Czechoslovakia. Why did Hitler feel justified with these demands? Was he?

4. Why did Mussolini attack Abyssinia (Ethiopia)? How did the League of Nations deal with the problem? If you had to give the League a grade ( A...B....C.....) what would it be? 

 #9 How did Germany extend it's control of Europe during the first years of the war? "POP" 706-714 

1.Identify: Blitzkrieg; Vichy Regime; Charles DeGaul; Winston Churchill; Battle of Britain

2. Many people saw the start of World War II as a "phony war". Why do you think that was the case? How does this change? (List the conquests made by Fascist countries 1939-1941

3.How did France fall to Germany? In what ways was it similar to the start of WWI? How was it different?

4. Although the U.S professed neutrality we had actually moved closer to war during the two years prior to the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor. How? In your opinion was Roosevelt correct in leading the nation into a war that most Americans opposed? Explain your answer.

#10 How did the Japanese form an Asian Empire? "POP" 714-718

1. Identify: Lend-Lease Act; Guadalcanal; Battle of Midway

2. What were the economic issues that led to the conflict between the United States and Japan? Some historians suggest that U.S. embargoes against Japan actually provoked the Japanese into conquering parts of Asia and declaring war on the U.S. To what extent do you believe this to be true? Should the U.S. take responsibility for the Pacific War?

3. Using the map on pg. 717 and your reading, describe the Island warfare in the Pacific. What were the tactics of the Japanese? Of the United States?

  U.S.Declaration of War on Japan

  U.S.Declarationof War on Germany

#11 How were the Allies able to achieve Victory in Europe and Asia? "POP" 718-722

1. Identify: Irwin Rommel; Bernard Montgomery; Dwight D. Eisenhower; Georgi Zhukov; D-Day; Hiroshima

2. After 1943 many historians say that Hitler and his armies were completely surrounded. Why? Do you think this is true? Explain. (Hint: use the map on pg. 721)

3. How did the development of the atom bomb change the strategy of the Pacific war? Would you have supported this change in strategy? Explain your answer?

Optional Reading:

General George Patton's Speech to Troops on the Eve of D-Day Invasion Warning: Some of the General's language may be offensive. Do not read if you are uncomfortable with profanity.

#12 Position Paper: Should the Atomic Bomb have been dropped on Japan?

Use the readings below and  your own research to take a strong position about whether or not you think the bomb should have been used. State your arguments clearly as to WHY or WHY NOT and support them with fact and example. The paper will graded with the weight of a full exam. Papers can be no longer than two pages double spaced and typed. Be prepared to read your paper to the class!  Use this Persuasion Map to help organize your argument.



 Introduction to the Circumstances Surrounding the dropping of the Atom Bomb on Japan

Harry Truman's Diary and Papers

 Eyewitness account of 14 year old Japanese boy who survived the bomb.

Follow this Online discussion regarding the question.

 #13 Superpowers!!!!!! How did the Cold War Originate?  "POP" 736-746

1. Identify: Truman Doctrine; Marshall Plan; Iron Curtain; Nuremburg trials

2. Describe the three different goals that Churchill, Stalin, and Roosevelt came to the Yalta Conference.

3. What is the United Nations?  What features made it stronger than the League of Nations? Explain the roles of the General Assembly and the Security Council.

3. What was the Berlin Airlift and why did the United States think it was necessary?

4. Explain the differences between Democratic Capitalism and Democratic Socialism and Communism/Socialism. (You can create your own chart if you wish).


 #14  Cold War Presentations.

 Powerpoint presentation. Max 5 minutes. Tell us how your topic relates to the Cold War and its contributions to the history of that period.. Make it fun and creative. Tip: Powerpoint is for visual representations...please keep text to a minimum of bullet points.

 #15 Why was the United Nations formed?        Read, Print and Bring to Class Harry S. Truman: Address to the United Nations Conference in San Francisco

1. What would you say are the three underlying principles that Truman expresses in is advocacy for the formation of a United Nations?

2. Explain the difference as Truman might see it between "Might Makes Right" and "Right makes Might". Is the sensible? Why? Why not?

 #16 Challenge and Change in the Pacific Rim "POP" 776-781  Read:   To End North Korea's Nuclear Program, End the Korean War

1. Identify: Domino Theory; Gulf of Tonkin Incident; Four Tigers; Ferdinand Marcos; Pol Pot

2. What role did the French play in Southeast Asia? How did they lose the control that they once had over their colonies? What was the result?

3. Who were the Khmer Rouge? How did they affect the politics and society of Southeast Asia?

4. Why is the Korean Peninsula looked at as a threat to Global Security? List the issues that have prevented an end to the Korean War? What do you believe is the best way to ensure a peaceful Eastern Pacific region?

North Korea Threatens to Wipe out Manhattan

The Legacy of the Korean War

"Joint Security Area" is an intelligent murder mystery set at the only meeting point between North and South Korea, whose tragic solution reveals the war zone's tension between hate and humanity.

Identify and describe the role of: 

Sergeant Lee Soo Hyuk:


Sergeant Oh:


 Private Nam:


Private Jung:


This film is more than just a story of four particular soldiers. It is a depiction of the greater fears and hopes of a divided nation. Using this film as a guide:

1.      What do you see as the major barriers to the re-unification of North and South Korea?



2.      In your assessment what does the ending of this movie suggest about the future of the Korean Peninsula?



3.      How is the North Korean policy of Juche depicted in the film?


 #9 The World Between the Wars: China "POP"674-677

1. Who was Sun-Yat-Sen and how did he change the Chinese people and government?

2. Who was Chiang Kai-Shek. By what principles did he wish to guide China?

3. How did Mao Tse-Tung form of Communism differ from Marx and Lenin's?

4. What methods did Mao use against the Kuomintang? Were they successful? Why; Why not?

#17 The Chinese Communist Revolution: POP 764-767

1. Identify-  Taiwan, Chiang Kai Shek, Mao Tse-Tung

2. Explain the origins of the Chinese Civil War.

3. How did the Communists policies and actions  differ from the Nationalists policies and actions  during and after WWII?

4. What factors do you believe contributed most to Mao's victory in China?

 #18 How did Mao govern China? POP 767-772  and The Great Leap Forward

1. What were the goals of the Great Leap Forward? Assess the success or failure of the program. Explain your answer.

2. How do you think Cultural Revolution affected the lives of each of the following in China? Peasants; Scholars; Scientists; Merchants. Do you think that Mao made a wise policy decision with regard to this program? Why; Why not?

3. What was the state of Chinese Politics in 1976 when Mao died? If you were a person living in China today and you were allowed to write a letter to Mao (wherever he is). What would you say to him in regard to the legacy he has left in China?

 #19 Film "To Live" Questions will be handed out in class.

 #20 How did China face a changing world after the Death of Mao TseTung? "POP" 767-772

1. How did Deng Xiao Peng differ in his political and economic views from Mao? What specific changes did he make?

2. Group 1:  you are Deng Xiao Peng: Write a brief speech to the students who are rallying outside of your office in Tiananmen Square. In your speech you should try to convince them to end their protest so that matters can be resolved peacefully.

3. Group 2: you are the spokesman for the student protestors in Tiananmen Square: Write a brief speech outlining your views/demands of the Communist government.

Resources for Questions 2 and 3 (If you can't read all of this at least skim it!)

"The Truth About the Beijing Turmoil" (published by Chinese Government)

June 4th 1989: A Students Diary

April 26 Renmin Ribao [People's Daily] editorial (also available in Chinese)
May 18 meeting between government and student representatives (also available in Chinese)
May 19 Li Peng's speech declaring martial law (also available in Chinese)
June 9 Deng Xiaoping's speech to martial law unit commanders

Video Clip Page

#21A Frontline Documentary TANK MAN

Complete Class handout student exercise: Internet Censorship.


#7 The World Between the Wars: Middle East"POP" 665-670

1. Identify: Balfour Declaration; Kibbutz;

2. Explain the similarities and differences between Ibn Saud, Mustafa Kemal, and Reza Shah Pahlevi.

3. What is Zionism? How did it affect relations in the Middle East?

#8 The World Between the Wars: Latin America"POP"670-673

1. Identify: Porfirio Diaz: Alvaro Obregon: Roosevelt Corollary; Monroe Doctrine

2.In general, what were the political problems faced by Latin American countries? What were the economic problems?

3. Look at the paintings by Jose Orozco (in your book) and Diego Rivera. What is the "tone" of the painting by Orozco? What does it convey to you about the Mexican Revolution? Describe what you think the message behind Rivera's Night of the Rich is.


#27 How did India gain Independence "POP" 660-665

1. Identify: Satyagraha; Harijans; Mahatma; Amritsar Massacre

2. Explain the issues that divided Hindus and Muslims. How did Jewarhal Nehru and Mohammed Ali Jinnah differ in  their ideas about an independent India?

3. Characterize Mohandus Gandhi's attitude toward British rule in 1909. Do you agree that it would be better for India to fight amongst themselves than to stay under British rule? If you were in India at this time would you have supported him? Explain. 

4. Map South Asia:  Color and label each of the countries on the map. Label the capitals of each country. Shade or draw in the Himalaya Mts. Ganges River, Brahmaputra River, Indus River.

#28 How did the Partition of India affect life after Independence? "POP" 773-775

1. Identify: Kashmir; Indira Ghandi; Benazir Bhutto

2. How did the Goals of Jewarhal Nehru differ with regard to domestic and foreign policy? Would you say that his foreign policy was wise or foolish? Explain your answer.

3. Explain the circumstances surrounding the Partition of India and Pakistan.

4. Explain the logic behind creating a West and an East Pakistan. In your assessment why do you think that this was unsuccessful?

4/18 #29 How did new nations form in the Middle East? "POP" 795-798 Israeli Declaration of Independence May 14 1948; Palestinian National Charter July 1968

1. Identify: David Ben-Gurion; Gamel Abdel Nassar

2. What is Palestine? Why has it been the center of conflict since the end of WWII?

3. There were four wars fought between Arabs and Israelis between1948 and 1973. What were they? What were the results of each?

#30 How did Cultural conflict in the Middle East Create International problems? "POP" 799-803 Ayatollah Khomenei: Mass Uprising of  Khurdad 1979;       Upfront NYTimes      The White Revolution

1. Who was the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeni? What were his goals? How did they change the cultural landscape of Iran?

2. The Shah is on trial for crimes against the people of Iran!



3. What do the letters OPEC stand for? Describe the goals of the organization and the effect it had on the world economy after it's formation.

Irans Changing Political Geography

Geopoliical Challenge

Irans Revolutions

Parts Unknown


Read:  Saudi Arabia: A Brief History

Print and Bring to Class the articles and questions below:

You Can't Understand ISIS if You Don't Know the History of Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia Pt 1

The Real Aim of ISIS Is to Replace the Saud Family as the New Emirs of Arabia  

What is Wahabbism? What has been it's goal in the Islamic World?

What had Saudi Arabia's role been in the development of Wahabbist Ideology?

28a South Asia Biography:

Rows 1-3 (starting from the windows): Create a Visual Biography of Mohandis Ghandhi: Rows 4-6 create a Visual Biography of Mohammad Ali Jinnah . Using an image of the man on any sized paper (up to your own creativity), surround the image with attributes  The goal is to create a colorful, creative and visually stimulating sketch of the lives of these two men. The attributes should include

a. Religion     b. Time Period    c. How did they die    d. Goals for their country    e. Achievement relative to goals  f. Historical impact/significance    g. Any other info you deem important.


Use this site for your info: The CIA's World Factbook

Anything else you find interesting or of note.

Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates

 Land area, 


Population growth rate ...

Arable land ..

Oil Production Capacity (Daily, Monthly, Annually)

GDP, GDP per capita, and GDP growth rate



Export Import Partners

Current Account Balance.

Form of Government  

Oil Consumption

Other Natural resources 

Predominate religion

Literacy Rates

#32 Document Based Essay Practice: Turning Points

Using the responses to the documents we used in class write the following essay:

Directions:  Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs, and a conclusion. Use evidence from at lease four documents in your essay. Support your response with relevant facts, examples and details. Include additional outside information.

Task: Select two turning points mentioned in the historical context and for each

-Describe the historical circumstances surrounding this turning point

-Discuss changes that occurred within a society and/or region as a result of this turning point

Turning Points Reminder: Outbreak of the Bubonic Plague; Signing of the Treaty of Nanjing; Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand

 #33 The Soviet Union in a Bi-Polar world "POP"753-757;844-852

1. Identify: De-Stalinization; Alexander Dubcek; Lech Walesa

2. How did the policies of Nikita Kruschev and Leonid Brezhnev differ?

3. What was the Solidarity movement in Poland? Why do historians tag it with such importance?

4. Define Glasnost and Perestroika. Many have argued that these policies that Mikael Gorbachev supported doomed the Soviet Union to collapse and thus destabilized global security. In your opinion is Gorbachev a hero or a fool?

5. Notice the cartoon on pg. 852. What do you think is the symbolic message conveyed?

#38 How did the breakup of the Soviet Union affect Europe? "POP" 847-852 BerlinWall.

1. Identify: Vaclav Havel; Nicolae Ceausescu; Jaruzelski

2. What are the Baltic States? Why did they play such an important role in the last days of the Soviet Union?

3. How did the August Coup affect a. Gorbachev b. Yeltsin c. Communist Party



1. Identify: Platt Amendment; Liberation Theology; Manuel Noriega; Jean-Claude Duvalier; Aristide; Contras

2. Explain the historical significance of the Bay of Pigs invasion.

3. What was the Cuban Missile Crisis? How was it resolved?

6/6 #40 How did Imperialism end in Africa? "POP" 784-795

1. Identify: Kwame Nkrumah; Idi Amin; Jomo Kenyatta; Joseph Mobuto, OAU, Nelson Mandela; F.W. de Klerk; Afrikaner

2. What factors led the European powers to accept the independence movements of African Nations?

3. Explain at least three problems that African nations have faced since WWII? What steps have been taken to alleviate these problems?

4. Explain the role of the African National Congress.

5. In what ways were black South Africans able to resist Apartheid?

6. In your own assessment what was the most important event that brought about the end of Apartheid in South Africa. Explain.

5/17 Read: The Third Industrial Revolution

1. What are the three elements that allow economic systems to work effectively?

2.  What are the elemental differences between the "Third Industrial Revolution" and the First Industrial Revolution as you have learned it?

3. Explain in your own words the concept of "Zero Marginal Cost". Why does the author believe it is such a wonderful thing for a globalized economic system.

5/19 Read: Uber and the Zero Marginal Cost Revolution   and    Distributed Capitalism

1. How has Uber been able to achieve Zero Marginal Costs? How does this benefit the Consumer?

2. What is the "democratization of manufacturing". How is this a departure (different) from traditional forms of Capitalism.

3. Look define and explain the word Prosumer

Optional: The Long Descent Read the Chapter 1 "The End of the Industrial Age" or Chapter 2 "The Stories We Tell Ourselves"...or both if you are an avid reader.

#33 The Economics of Latin America "POP" 806-810

Identify: Diversification; import substitution

2. Although Latin American countries became politically independent before WWII, why do many experts suggest that they aren't really independent at all?

3. It has been said that the most significant social development of the 20th century has been urbanization. What are the effects or consequences of mass migrations from the country to the city?

4. Democracy is something that most citizens of the United States take as a given. In your assessment, why has it been so difficult to achieve in Latin America?

#34 Latin America Shifts towards democracy "POP" 810-813

1. Identify: Zapatistas; Falklands war;

2. It has been said that the Argentinian people have had a love/hate relationship with the Perons (Juan and Eva). Why?

3. Brazil, the largest country in Latin America has had difficulty in achieving democracy and economic stability? What unique problemshas Brazil had to face?

4. Augosto Pinochet and Salvadore Allende are two of Chile's strongest leaders of the 20th century. Which do you believe most benefitted the Chilean people? Explain your answer.

#35 Latin American Country Reports:

Write a brief statistical outline about the country you were assigned in class. Do not cut and paste the info. Summarize it in your own words. Include the following information:

1. Land area 2. Coastline 3. Population. 4. Population growth rate 5. Arable land 6. Agriculture products 7. GDP, GDP per capita, and GDP growth rate 8. Exports 9. Imports 10. Export Import Partners 11. Current Account Balance. 12.Form of Government  13.Electricity Consumption 14. Oil Consumption 15. Natural resources 16. Primary language 17. Environmental concerns 18. Climate 19. Predominate religion 20. Literacy Rates 21. Anything else you find interesting or of note.

Sources You May Find Helpful:

TheCIA's World Factbook(Our Government's Source for CountryInfo)

The LonelyPlanet Guide to the America's (Excellent Source!!)


#39 The New World order: Trials and Tribulations: "POP"852-854

1. Study the Map on pg. 852!!

2. Why did Saddam Hussein attack Kuwait? What were the results?

3. Print a copy of the following interview and bring it to class. Frontline Interview with Iraqi Foreign MinisterTariq Aziz

 #43 FILM The Power of One

1.How does Doc's method of educating PK differ from "modern" western education? How does it reflect the values of traditional African ideas?

2. Throughout the movie there are tribal, generational, racial, nationalistic, and ideological conflicts that are addressed. Choose two and describe how the director depicts these conflicts.

3. Describe Geel Piet (Morgan Freeman's character). What kind of a person is he? Why do you think he had so much influence on PK?

4. The myth of the "Rainmaker" plays an important role throughout the movie. PK is reluctant to believe the myth. But Gideon (boxing foe/friend) argues that "The tribes sang together because of a myth, they came last night because of a myth, they will come again because of a myth." In your opinion is it possible for myth to be powerful enough to change an entire country, or is PK right to not believe at first?

5. This movie has been criticized for suggesting that black South Africans needed the help of the white man to break the rule of Apartheid. Do you agree or disagree with this criticism? Why; Why not?